Marxist and Left Anarchist Organizations

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Bulbajer’s Encyclopedia – MARXIST AND LEFT-ANARCHIST ORGANIZATIONS

This is a list of active organizations in the US that profess some sort of radical leftism. Most aren’t electoral parties. This list does not include labor unions, which is why you won’t see the IWW below. See the bottom section of this page for explanation on terms like “Third Camp” and “anti-revisionist.” For other political terms, see Political Ideologies.

  • American Party of Labor
    • Founded: 2007
    • Ideology: Hoxhaism
    • International: none
  • Atlantic Anarchist Circle
    • Founded: ?
    • Ideology: left anarchism
    • International: none
  • Bolshevik Tendency
    • Founded: 1982
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: anti-Pablo
    • International: International Bolshevik Tendency
    • Origin: split from Spartacist League
  • Common Struggle
    • Founded: 2000
    • Ideology: anarcho-communism
      • details: platformist
    • International: none (affiliated with Anarkismo.net)
  • Communist Party of the United States of America
    • Founded: 1919
    • Ideology: Leninism, democratic socialism
    • International: none. formerly official USSR contact in USA. attends International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties and International Comunist Seminar
    • Origin/notes: followed USSR’s ideology (first Leninist, then Stalinist, then back to Leninist)
  • Communist Voice Organization
    • Founded: 1995
    • Ideology: Leninism
      • details: anti-revisionist
    • International: none
    • Origin/notes: from same group as United States Marxist-Leninist Organization. ex-Maoist/Hoxhaist
  • Fourth International Caucus
    • Founded: 1995?
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International:Fourth International (USFI)
    • Notes: part of Solidarity. very close to Labor Standard
  • Freedom Road Socialist Organization (freedomroad.org)
    • Founded: 1985 (split in 1999)
    • Ideology: Leninism
    • International: none
    • Notes: ex-Maoist
  • Freedom Road Socialist Organization (frso.org)
    • Founded: 1985 (split in 1999)
    • Ideology: Maoism
    • International: none. attends/contributes to International Communist Seminar
    • Notes: the FRSO split in 1999 with both groups claiming the name. The original FRSO was Maoist.
  • Freedom Socialist Party
    • Founded: 1966
    • Ideology: Trotskyism, feminism
      • post-Pablo (?)
    • International: none. has its own unofficial following
    • Origin: split from Socialist Workers Party
  • International Socialist Organization
    • Founded: 1977
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: Third Camp
    • International: none. retains ties to International Socialist Tendency
  • Internationalism
    • Founded: 1970
    • Ideology: left communism
    • International: International Communist Current
  • Internationalist Group
    • Founded: 1996
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: anti-Pablo
    • International: League for the Fourth International
    • Origin: split from Spartacist League
  • Internationalist Workers’ Group
    • Founded: 2002
    • Ideology: left communism
    • International: Internationalist Communist Tendency
  • Institute for Anarchist Studies
    • Founded: 1996
    • Ideology: anarcho-communism
    • International: none
  • Kasama
    • Founded: 2007?
    • Ideology: Maoism
    • International: none
  • Labor Standard
    • Founded: 1998
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International:Fourth International (USFI) (sympathizing)
    • Notes: very close to Fourth International Caucus
  • Labor’s Militant Voice
    • Founded: 1996
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International: none
    • Origin: from same group as Socialist Alternative
  • League for the Revolutionary Party
    • Founded: 1976
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: “statified capitalism” theory (cross between orthodox Trotskyism and the Third Camp)
    • International: Communist Organization for the Fourth International
    • Notes: ex-Third Camp
  • League of Revolutionaries for a New America
    • Founded: 1993
    • Ideology: Leninism
      • details: anti-revisionist
    • International: none
  • Marxist-Humanist Initiative
    • Founded: 2009
    • Ideology: Marxist humanism
    • International: none
    • Origin: split from News and Letters Committees
  • News and Letters Committees
    • Founded: 1955
    • Ideology: Marxist humanism
    • International: none
  • Party for Socialism and Liberation
    • Founded: 2004
    • Ideology: Leninism
      • details: Marcyite
    • International: none. loose links with the International Communist Seminar
    • Origin: split from Workers World Party
  • Party of Communists USA
    • Founded: ?
    • Ideology: Stalinism
    • International: none. links with some “official” communist parties
    • Notes: membership overlaps with CPUSA
  • Progressive Labor Party
    • Founded: 1961
    • Ideology: Stalinism
    • International: none (PLP is a transnational party based in the US)
    • Origin/notes: split from CPUSA. ex-Maoist
  • Red and Anarchist Action Network
    • Founded: ?
    • Ideology: left anarchism
    • International: none (possibly a transnational network)
  • Refoundation and Revolution
    • Founded: 2002
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: anti-Pablo
    • International: Co-ordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International
    • Notes: part of Solidarity
  • Revolutionary Organization of Labor (Ray O. Light)
    • Founded: 1961
    • Ideology: Maoism
    • International: International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (International Newsletter), International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations. attends International Communist Seminar
    • Origin: split from CPUSA
  • Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
    • Founded: 1975
    • Ideology: Maoism
    • International: none (formerly part of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, now defunct)
  • Socialist Action
    • Founded: 1983
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International: Fourth International (USFI) (sympathizing)
    • Origin: split from Socialist Workers Party
  • Socialist Alternative
    • Founded: 1999
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International: Committee for a Workers’ International
    • Origin: from same group as Labor’s Militant Voice
  • Socialist Equality Party
    • Founded: 1966
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: anti-Pablo
    • International: International Committee of the Fourth International
  • Socialist Organizer
    • Founded: 1991
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: Lambertist
    • International: Fourth International (International Centre of Reconstruction)
    • Origin: split from Socialist Action
  • Socialist Workers Organization
    • Founded: 2001
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International: none
    • Origin: split from Socialist Action
  • Socialist Workers Party
    • Founded: 1938
    • Ideology: Castroism
    • International: Pathfinder tendency (unofficial grouping)
    • Notes: ex-Trotskyist (post-Pablo)
  • Solidarity
    • Founded: 1986
    • Ideology: revolutionary socialism (has major Trotskyist and Luxemburgist tendencies)
    • International: none. sympathizing member of the Fourth International (USFI)
  • Spark
    • Founded: 1961
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • anti-Pablo
    • International: Internationalist Communist Union
    • Origin: split from Spartacist League
  • Spartacist League
    • Founded: 1966
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: anti-Pablo
    • International: International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
    • Origin: split from Socialist Workers Party
  • The Voice of the Workers
    • Founded: ?
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: Morenist
    • International: International Workers League (Fourth Internationalist)
  • United States Marxist-Humanists
    • Founded: 2008
    • Ideology: Marxist humanist
    • International: International Marxist-Humanist Organization
    • Origin: split from News and Letters Committees
  • United States Marxist-Leninist Organization
    • Founded: 1981
    • Ideology: Hoxhaism
    • International: none
    • Origin: from same group as Communist Voice Organization
  • Workers International League
    • Founded: ? (renamed from “Socialist Labor” in 2001)
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: post-Pablo
    • International: International Marxist Tendency
  • Workers Party, USA
    • Founded: 1992
    • Ideology: Leninism
      • details: anti-revisionist
    • International: none
    • Notes: ex-Hoxhaist
  • Workers Power
    • Founded: 2009
    • Ideology: Trotskyism
      • details: opposes 3rd World Congress of the Fourth International (1951)
    • International: League for the Fifth International
  • Workers Solidarity Alliance
    • Founded: 1984
    • Ideology: anarcho-syndicalism
    • International: none (formerly International Workers’ Association)
  • Workers World Party
    • Founded: 1959
    • Ideology: Leninism
      • details: Marcyite
    • International: none. attends International Communist Seminar
    • Origin/notes: split from Socialist Workers Party. ex-Trotskyist
  • World Socialist Party of the United States
    • Founded: 1916
    • Ideology: Orthodox Marxism
    • International: World Socialist Movement

The international organizations mentioned in the above list are:

  • Committee for a Workers’ International – post-Pabloist Trotskyist international grouped around the now-defunct Militant tendency in Britain
  • Communist Organization for the Fourth International – Trotskyist international grouped around the League for the Revolutionary Party in the US. Mixes Third Camp and more traditional Trotskyist views
  • Co-ordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International – anti-Pabloist Trotskyist international grouped around the Workers’ Party in Argentina
  • Fourth International (International Centre of Reconstruction) – international following of the late Pierre Lambert, a French Trotskyist. The Lambertists are a specific group of anti-Pablo Trotskyists.
  • Fourth International (USFI) – the successor to the original Fourth International. Post-Pabloist Trotskyist
  • International Bolshevik Tendency – anti-Pabloist Trotskyist international grouped around the Bolshevik Tendency in the US
  • International Committee of the Fourth International – the original Fourth International split in two in 1953; one of these was the ICFI. In 1963 most of the ICFI voted to reunite with the other group from the split – the International Secretariat of the Fourth International – to form the United Secretariat of the Fourth International (USFI, see above) but a minority stayed apart and kept the IFCI name. Anti-Pablo Trotskyist
  • International Communist Current – various left communist parties
  • International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist) – anti-Pabloist Trotskyist grouping around the Spartacist League in the US
  • International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (International Newsletter) – various Maoist parties. Includes the Communist Party of the Philippines, which leads the communist insurrection against the government in that country. The name of the internationa’s publication is included to distinguish it from the Hoxhaist international with the exact same name that publishes Unity & Struggle.
  • International Coordination of Revolutionary Parties and Organizations – mostly Maoist parties, but also some anti-revisionist Leninists, Hoxhaists, and maybe Stalinists
  • International Marxist-Humanist Organization – a small Marxist humanist international
  • International Marxist Tendency – split from the CWI. Post-Pabloist Trotskyist
  • International Socialist Tendency – international following of Tony Cliff, British Trotskyist. Cliff argued for a state capitalist model of the USSR, breaking from orthodox Trotskyism and placing him and his followers in the Third Camp.
  • International Workers’ Association – an anarcho-syndicalist grouping of unions and organizations
  • International Workers’ League (Fourth Internationalist) – international following of Nahuel Moreno, Argentine Trotskyist. The Morenists are a specific group of anti-Pablo Trotskyists that supported the reunification of the Fourth International in 1963 but split from it in 1969.
  • Internationalist Communist Tendency – left communist international grouped around the Internationalist Communist Party in Italy
  • Internationalist Communist Union – anti-Pablo Trotskyist grouping around the Lutte Ouvrière (Workers’ Struggle) in France
  • League for the Fifth International – parties that view the 3rd World Congress of the Fourth International negatively and declare the FI from then on to be revisionist. Basically they disagree with most Trotskyists on the exact nature of the Soviet satellite states.
  • League for the Fourth International – anti-Pablo Trotskyist international grouped around Internationalist Group in the US
  • Pathfinder tendency – an unofficial name for the grouping around the Socialist Workers Party in the US. These parties were originally Trotskyist but, following the SWP, drifted away towards Castoism in the 1980s-90s.
  • Revolutionary Internationalist Movement – various Maoist parties, including the Shining Path in Peru and the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The Shining Path was partially responsible for the Peruvian civil conflict that has lasted since 1980; the UCPN(M) led a coalition government following Nepal’s civil war, which it fought, and currently participates in one. The RIM is now defunct, though some of its members are still active.
  • World Socialist Movement – various anti-Leninist parties grouped around the Socialist Party of Great Britain

Additionally, there are two annual conferences that involve United States Marxist groups:

  • International Communist Seminar – hosted by the Workers’ Party of Belgium. Leninists, Stalinists, Maoists, and Hoxhaists are all invited.
  • International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties – founded and sometimes hosted by the Communist Party of Greece. The participants are mostly Leninists, Stalinists, Maoists, and Hoxhaists.

Finally, there is a website that acts somewhat similarly to an international:

  • Anarkismo.net, an platformist anarcho-communist network.

Explanation for certain terms:

  • “Post-Pablo”, “anti-Pablo”, “Lambertism”, “Morenism”, and “Third Camp” refer to specific tendencies in the Trotskyist movement. Michel Pablo was a Greek Trotskyist who came to lead the Fourth International after WWII. Pablo developed a theory of “entryism sui generis” (long term infiltration of non-Trotskyist left-wing parties in order to sway the party’s stance toward Trotskyism). Several member organizations of the FI disagreed with this idea, preferring to build up their own parties, and as Pablo seemed intent on forcing his opinion, these organizations left the “Pabloist” FI to establish their own Fourth International (the ICFI). However, Pablo became marginalized in his FI (the ISFI); there were only ever a few parties that were “pro-Pablo”. The rest of the ISFI lost interest in him and reunified with most of their ICFI cousins in 1963. The ICFI, however, was split regarding the issue of reunification. Some of the parties, like the Socialist Workers Party in the US, rejoined. Other parties held that the original FI was still stained with Pabloism and was not truly Trotskyist. Today, parties that support the ICFI split in 1953 but also support the 1963 reunification fall under the category of “post-Pabloism”. This term also refers to parties that stem from the ISFI but don’t support Pablo. Parties that continue to condemn the USFI (the result of the 1963 merger) as Pabloist are simply referred to as “anti-Pablo”. The term “Third Camp” refers to a split in Trotskyism that occured in 1940, before the Pablo issue. Max Shachtman, an American Trotskyist, viewed the USSR more negatively than Trotsky himself did. The 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact (Nazi-Soviet Pact) proved especially disturbing to Shachtman. He and others like him left the FI to pursue a kind of Trotskyism more critical of Stalinism and totalitarianism in general – the “Third Camp” between capitalism and Stalinism. “Lambertism” refers to the specific group of anti-Pablo Trotskyists centered around Pierre Lambert (see above in the internationals section). Lambert was against the reunification of the FI in 1963 and continued with the remnant of the ICFI until 1971, when Lambert and his followers split from the IFCI over socialist techniques. “Morenism” also refers to a trend of anti-Pablo Trotskyists, this time centered around Nahuel Moreno. Moreno had sided with the IFCI in the split, but unlike Lambert, he rejoined the reunified FI. He broke with the USFI starting in 1969 over the USFI’s support of anti-imperialist guerrilla warfare in Latin America. The Morenists and Lambertists then formed a brief alliance which dissolved due to the differences between Lambert and Moreno. Although no active party in the US supports “Posadism”, it is worth mentioning. J. Posadas was an Argentine Trotskyist who sided with the ISFI during the 1953 split. He also opposed the reunification in 1963 and left to establish his own international – the Fourth International Posadist. Posadas held some unique beliefs, most notably that nuclear war would be a good thing (since, supposedly, it would wipe out the capitalists and leave socialists to rebuild civilization). His movement later became associated with New Age music and UFOs, possibly due to the simple craziness of Posadism.
  • Certain Leninist parties in my list may be specified as “anti-revisionist.” This would seem to contradict the definition of anti-revisionism (see Political Definitions). What I mean here is that these parties do not recognize Stalin, Mao, or Hoxha as models to follow, but they do view the USSR and China positively. They don’t have a problem associating themselves with “true” anti-revisionists; in fact, many anti-revisionist Leninist parties are ex-Maoist or ex-Hoxhaist, etc. The term “Marcyite” refers to the style of Leninism developed by Sam Marcy, an American Leninist. Marcy was originally a Trotskyist, though he and some others were often at odds with the Trotskyist leadership regarding tactics and relations with anti-revisionists. Marcy and his following split from the Socialist Workers Party in 1959 and founded the Workers World Party. Steadily, the WWP began to view China more and more positvely. It finally abandoned Trotskyism sometime before the 1970s. Today, the WWP (and the PSL, a 2004 split) don’t fuss about preferring certain kinds of communism over others. They view all communists positively, though they don’t actively promote Stalin. This is the essence of Marcyism.
  • “Platformism” refers to a specific trend in anarcho-communism. Platformists promote the Organisational Platform of the General Union of Anarchists (Draft), a 1926 document written by exiled Russian anarchists, and the works of Ukrainian anarcho-communist Nestor Makhno. The four principles of the “Platform” are: tactical unity (common tactics in the movement), theoretical unity (a shared ideology), collective responsibility (rejection of the personal and in favor of group responsibility), and federalism (a system that balances the individual and communal initatives).
  • “Left anarchism” refers to any anarchist ideology that is left-wing. Organizations in this list designated as “left anarchist” are inclusive of multiple left-wing anarchist ideologies.

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*the image of the Bulbasaur found in a Google search on 6/6/09, copied from bebo.com – Profile from Takato Matsuki

Document work © 2012 Bulbajer’s Encyclopedia. I had some great help from Wikipedia, BroadLeft, this page from the Marxists’ Internet Archives, and Historial Flags of Our Ancestors. I based most of my information on the theirs. The Bulbasaur image is not mine. Pokémon is a registered trademark of Nintendo.

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