Political Parties

Bulbajer’s Encyclopedia – POLITICAL PARTIES

(For Bulbajer’s new political party, see Progressive Green Party)

A political party is a group of people that advocate certain causes and run (or help run campaigns) for public offices. There are many different political parties, ranging from those that focus on a specific issue to those that focus on all the issues of the day, to those that don’t focus on any issues at all. They range in size from thousands to millions. This page gives a list of current and past political parties in the U.S., as well as the major parties in the U.K. and Canada.

Readers may need to read Political Spectrum and Political Definitions before coming here.

For a full list of Marxist and anarchist organizations, including those that don’t run candidates, see Marxist and Left Anarchist Organizations.

The Two Big U.S. Parties

  • Two-Party System?

The United States has always been dominated by two political parties, though those positions have had many different parties file through. The Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party were first; then the Democrats and the Whigs, and finally, since the Civil War, the Democrats and Republicans.

  • Democratic Party

The Democratic Party is the center-left (Note: see Political Spectrum and Political Definitions) party and slightly more popular at the moment (2009) than the Republican Party, its rival. It is the oldest operating party in the United States. Democrats trace their roots back to the old Democratic-Republican Party, although they were technically two separate parties. After the Democratic-Republican Party split in 1824, two opposing factions – the Andrew Jackson supporters and the John Quincy Adams supporters – were left. The Jacksonians were to become the Democratic Party (officially called such in 1844) and the Adams men, the National Republicans. Back then, the Democratic Party held most power in the South and followed much different ideologies than today. They included Jacksonian democracy (strengthening the executive branch at the expense of the legislative, broadening the public’s role in government, elected judges rather than appointed ones, geographical expansion), classical liberalism, bimetallism (where the monetary unit equals a certain amount of gold or silver), and states’ rights. In our modern political situation, the Democratic Party of the 19th century would probably seem conservative rather than liberal. During the 20th century, however, the liberals gradually migrated from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party and the conservatives from the Democrats to the Republicans. Today, the Democrats are made up of mostly liberals, with also some conservatives, civil libertarians, and centrists; notable social groups include youth, laborers and the working class, women, African Americans and other ethnic minorities, and Jews and other religious minorities. Areas of “Blue States”, or states that are decidedly Democratic, include the northeast, pacific west (except Alaska), and the mid-Atlantic. Democrats hold more urban area-voters.

  • Founded: 1844
  • Political Cube position: {1, -1, -1} (Key: first number=government size, second=economic, third=social)
  • Names of positions: moderate centralist, fiscal center-left, social center-left
  • Democratic Presidents: Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson (prior to election), Grover Cleveland, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Barack Obama (President of the United States)
  • Other famous Democrats: William Jennings Bryan, George Wallace, Hillary Clinton, John Edwards, John Kerry, Ted Kennedy, Joe Biden (Vice President of the United States)
  • Republican Party

The Republican Party is the center-right party, slightly less popular as of 2009 than the Democratic Party. The Republican Party was founded in 1854 by anti-slaver expansion activists and modernizers. As the Whig Party (the previous rival of the Democratic Party) fell apart over the issue of slavery, the Republicans soon took their place, electing Abraham Lincoln, a former Whig, in 1860. Like the Democrats, the Republicans had different ideologies from today. Those included: abolitionism, classical liberalism, and progressivism. Indeed, if the Republican Party was the same today, it might be considered more liberal than conservative. But after the gradual switch of liberals and conservatives in the 20th century, the Republican Party became the center-right party. The major parts of the “GOP” (“Grand Old Party”) include the business community, voters with stable families, voters with higher income, military personnel, older voters, 4-year-college degree graduates, and evangelical Christian (including Mormon) voters. The GOP also lacks somewhat in comparison to the Democratic Party in numbers of women, racial minorities, “non-traditional” sexual orientation groups, and religious minorities (though their Catholic base has grown to roughly the same size as the Democrats). Areas of “Red States”, or states that are decidedly Republican, include the south and the mid-west. Republicans hold more rural area-voters.

  • Founded: 1854
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 1, 1}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center-right, social center-right
  • Republican Presidents: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush (recent President of the United States)
  • Other famous Republicans: Jed Bush, John McCain, Sarah Palin, Dick Cheney (recent Vice President of the United States), Arnold Scharzenegger, Mitt Romney, Paul Ryan, Mike Huckabee, Ron Paul (sometimes)

The Big Three Third Parties

Constitution Party

The Constitution Party is a paleoconservative party, the third largest party in the U.S. Although the American paleoconservative movement is not exclusively Christian, the Constitution Party’s platform specifically mentions recognizing Jesus as Christ and Son of God. Its main ideologies, other than paleoconservatism, include national conservatism and Christian nationalism.

  • Founded: 1992 (as Taxpayers Party, became Constitution Party in 1999)
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, 2}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social right

Green Party of the United States

The Green Party has green politics, the most prominent part of which is environmentalism, at the center of its platform. It also views social democracy positively. It is the fourth-largest party in membership after the Constitution Party. This party is not to be confused with Greens/Green Party USA, which is an older but less popular party.

  • Founded: 2001
  • Political Cube position: {1, -1, -2}
  • Names of positions: moderate centralist, fiscal center-left, social left
  • Famous Greens: Ralph Nader (in some Presidential elections)

Libertarian Party

The Libertarian Party’s main ideology is, as the name suggests, libertarianism. Not all libertarians are members of this party, however. The other main ideology is non-interventionism. It is the fifth-largest party in the United States.

  • Founded: 1971
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, -1}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social center-left

Minor Parties

America First Party

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism, non-interventionism
  • Founded: 2002
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, 2}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social right

American Patriot Party

  • Main ideology: conservative libertarianism
  • Founded: 2003
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, 1}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social center-right

American Freedom Party

  • Main ideologies: White nationalism, paleoconservatism, populism
  • Founded: 2010
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 2, 3} (note: although these guys are white nationalists, they don’t emphasize it as much as, say, the KKK, and they incorporate moderate beliefs, so they are not government true dictator)
  • Names of positions: government moderate decentralist, fiscal right, social far right

America’s Party

  • Main ideology: Christian conservatism
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 1, 2}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal center-right, social right

Citizens Party of the United States

  • Main ideology: centrism
  • Founded: 2004
  • Political Cube position: {0, 0, -1}
  • Names of positions: government centrist, fiscal center, social center-left

Christian Liberty Party

  • Main ideologies: paleoconservatism, dominionism
  • Founded: 2000
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, 3}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social far right

Communist Party USA

  • Main ideology: Leninism, democratic socialism (note: historically, Stalinism)
  • Founded: 1919
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Freedom Socialist Party

  • Main ideologies:  feminism, Trotskyism
  • Founded: 1966
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Independent American Party

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism
  • Founded: 1998
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, 2}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social right

Justice Party USA

  • Main ideology: liberalism, social democracy, environmentalism
  • Founded: 2012
  • Political Cube position: {1, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: moderate centralist, fiscal left, social left

Modern Whig Party

  • Main ideologies: “Modern Whig Philosophy” (state fiscal responsibility, energy independence, education/scientific advancement, states’ rights, social progression, veteran affairs), centrism, transpartnership
  • Founded: 2007
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 0, 0}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center, social center

National Socialist Movement

  • Main ideology: neo-Nazism
  • Founded: 1974
  • Political Cube position: {3, -1, 3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal center-left, social far right

Objectivist Party

  • Main ideology: objectivism (Any Rand’s philosophy)
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, -1}
  • Names of positions: libertarian, fiscal right, social center-left

Party for Socialism and Liberation

  • Main ideology: Leninism
  • Founded: 2004
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Peace and Freedom Party

  • Main ideologies: democratic socialism, pacifism, environmentalism, feminism
  • Founded: 1967
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Pirate Party of the United States

  • Main ideologies: Constitutionalism (civil libertarianism), copyright reform, transparancy
  • Founded: 2006
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 0, 0}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center, social center

Prohibition Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-alcoholism, conservatism
  • Founded: 1867
  • Political Cube position: {0, 1, 1}
  • Names of positions: government centrist, fiscal center-right, social center-right
  • FUN FACT: 3rd oldest operating party in America, oldest third party

Reform Party of the United States of America

  • Main ideologies: populism, centrism, economic nationalism
  • Founded: 1995
  • Political Cube position: {0, 0, 0}
  • Names of positions: government centrist, fiscal center, social center

Socialist Action

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Founded: 1983
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Socialist Alternative

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Founded: 1986
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Socialist Equality Party

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Socialist Party USA

  • Main ideologies: democratic socialism, feminism
  • Founded: 1973
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Socialist Workers Party

  • Main ideology: Leninism, Castroism (note: historically, Trotskyism)
  • Founded: 1938
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

United States Marijuana Party

  • Main ideology: drug legalization
  • Founded: 2005
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 0, 0}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center, social center

United States Pacifist Party

  • Main ideology: pacifism
  • Founded: 1983
  • Political Cube position: {-1, -1, -2}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center-left, social center-left

Unity Party of America

  • Main ideology: centrism
  • Founded: 2004
  • Political Cube position: {0, 0, 0}
  • Names of positions: government centrist, fiscal center, social center

Workers World Party

  • Main ideology: Leninism
  • Founded: 1959
  • Political Cube position: {3, -3, -3}
  • Names of positions: true dictator, fiscal far left, social far left

Working Families Party

  • Main ideology: liberalism, progressivism
  • Founded: 1998
  • Political Cube position: {1, -1, -1}
  • Names of positions: moderate centralist, fiscal center-left, social center-left

Non-electoral parties

The following organizations do not run candidates for any office, but otherwise function similarly to a true political party (see Marxist and Left Anarchist Organizations for leftist parties of this category):

American Conservative Party

  • Main ideologies: libertarianism (with a bit of conservatism)
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political Cube positions: {-2, 2, 0}
  • Names of positions: government libertarian, fiscal right, social center

American Reform Party

  • Main ideologies: populism, conservatism, libertarianism (note: historically centrist)
  • Founded: 1997
  • Political Cube position: {-2, 2, 0}
  • Names of positions: government libertarian, fiscal right, social center-right

Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism

  • Main ideology: democratic socialism
  • Founded: 1991
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Conservative Party USA

  • main ideology: conservatism
  • Founded: 2009
  • Political Cube position: (-1, 2, 2)
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal right, social right

Democratic Socialists of America

  • Main ideologies: democratic socialism, social democracy
  • Founded: 1982
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Greens/Green Party USA

  • Main ideologies: environmentalism, democratic socialism
  • Founded: 1991
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Social Democrats, USA

  • Main ideologies: social democracy, liberalism
  • Founded: 1972 (NOTE: the original SDUSA disbanded in 2005. In 2008, two rival organizations were founded, each claiming to be the successor to the original.)
  • Political Cube position: {1, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: moderate centralist, fiscal left, social left

Historical parties

Federalist Party

  • Main ideologies: federalism (strong national government, loose construction of the Constitution, mercantile economy), nationalism, non-interventionism, industrialism
  • Operative years: c. 1789 – c. 1820
  • Presidents: John Adams
  • Other famous Federalists: Alexander Hamilton

Democratic-Republican Party

  • Main ideologies: classical liberalism, state’s rights, agrarianism, republicanism
  • Operative years: 1792- c. 1824
  • Presidents: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe
  • Other famous National Republicans: Henry Clay (until the National Republican Party was created)

Anti-Masonic Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-masonry, economic nationalism, social conservatism
  • Operative years:1826 – 1838

National Republican Party

  • Main ideologies: modernization, industrialization, economic nationalism
  • Operative years: 1823- 1833
  • Presidents: John Quincy Adams
  • Other famous National Republicans: Henry Clay

Nullifier Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-federalism, states’ rights
  • Operative years: 1830 – 1839

Whig Party

  • Main ideologies: modernization, protectionism, congressional dominance
  • Operative years: 1833 – 1856
  • Presidents: William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
  • Other famous Whigs: Henry Clay

Liberty Party

  • Main ideology: abolitionism
  • Operative years: 1840 – 1848

Free Soil Party

  • Main ideology: anti-slavery expansion
  • Operative years: 1848 – 1855

Anti-Nebraska Party

  • Main ideology: abolitionism
  • Operative years: 1854

American Republican Party

  • Main ideology: nativism
  • Operative years: 1843- 1854

American Party (“Know Nothing”)

  • Main ideologies: nativism (mainly anti-Catholicism), temperance, Protestant republicanism
  • Operative years: c. 1854 – 1858

Opposition Party

  • Main ideologies: (former Whigs compromising between southern Democrats and northern Republicans)
  • Operative years: 1854 – 1858

Constitutional Union Party

  • Main ideologies: nationalism, gag rule for slavery, centrism mixed with conservatism
  • Operative years: 1860
  • FUN FACT: made up of former conservative Whigs and Know-Nothings who wanted to avoid arguing about slavery

National Union Party

  • Main ideologies: nationalism, abolitionism, centrism
  • Operative years: 1864 – 1868
  • Presidents: Abraham Lincoln (second election), Andrew Johnson
  • FUN FACT: alliance of Republicans and northern and anti-Confederate southern Democrats

Readjuster Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1870 – 1885

Liberal Republican Party

  • Main ideologies: egalitarianism (equal rights for all), nationalism, modernization
  • Operative years: 1872
  • FUN FACT: some historians observe that this party marked the start of the emigration of liberals from the Republican Party

Greenback Party

  • Main ideologies: populism, women’s suffrage, labor rights
  • Operative years: 1874 – 1884

Socialist Labor Party of America

  • Main ideology: De Leonism
  • Operative years: 1876-2008
  • FUN FACT: oldest socialist party in America, 2nd oldest in world, although today it’s all but officially disbanded

Anti-Monopoly party

  • Main ideologies: direct election of senators, graduated income tax, labor rights, anti-trust
  • Operative years: 1884

Populist Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1892 – 1908
  • FUN FACT: this party had a significant impact on poor southern farmers. It endorsed Democrat Williams Jennings Bryan for President.

Silver Party

  • Main ideology: free silver
  • Operative years: 1892 – 1902

National Democratic Party

  • Main ideologies: conservatism, anti-free silver (anti-Bryan)
  • Operative years: 1896 -1900

Silver Republican Party

  • Main ideology: free silver
  • Operative years: 1896 – 1900

Social Democratic Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1898 – 1901

Home Rule Party of Hawaii

  • Main ideologies: (created to serve Hawaiian interests in Congress)
  • Operative years: 1900 – 1912

Socialist Party of America

  • Main ideology: democratic socialism
  • Operative years: 1901 – 1973

Independence Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-machine politics, 8-hour work day, creation of Department of Labor, government owning of utilities, central bank
  • Operative years: 1906 – 1914

Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party)

  • Main ideologies: progressivism, new nationalism (Roosevelt’s policy; federalism, child labor laws, minimum wage laws for women)
  • Operative years: 1912 – 1916
  • Famous Progressives: Theodore Roosevelt

National Woman’s Party

  • Main ideology: women’s rights
  • Operative years: 1913 – 1930

Non-Partisan League

  • Main ideologies: state control of agriculture, banks
  • Operative years: 1915 – 1956

Farmer-Labor Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1918 – 1944

Progressive Party (1924)

  • Main ideologies: progressivism
  • Operative years: 1924-1946

Communist League of America

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Operative years: 1928 – 1934

American Workers Party

  • Main ideology: socialism
  • Operative years: 1933- 1944

Workers Party of the United States

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Operative years: 1934 – 1938

Union Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1936

American Labor Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1936 – 1956

America First Party (1944)

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism, isolationism
  • Operative years: 1943 – 1996

States’ Rights Democratic Party (Dixiecrats)

  • Main ideologies: states’ rights, social conservatism, racial segregation
  • Operative years: 1948

Progressive Party (1948)

  • Main ideologies: progressivism, communism (heavy influence from CPUSA)
  • Operative years: 1948 – 1955

Vegetarian Party

  • Main ideologies: vegetarianism, (later) pacifism
  • Operative years: 1948 – 1964

Constitution Party (50s)

  • Main ideology: conservatism
  • Operative years: 1952 – c. 1968

American Nazi Party

  • Main ideologies: neo-Nazism, constitutional allegiance (allegiance to America’s Constitution)
  • Operative years: 1959 – 1967
  • Famous American Nazis: George Lincoln Rockwell

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-discrimination, black voting rights
  • Operative years: 1964

Black Panther Party

  • Main ideologies: Maoism, black nationalism
  • Operative years: 1966 – c. 1976

American Independent Party

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism (historically, racial segregation)
  • Operating years: 1967 – 1992

Youth International Party (Yippies)

  • Main ideologies: anarchism, New Age, counter-culture
  • Operative years: 1967 – ? (very tiny revival movements going on currently)
  • FUN FACT: famous for sense of humor

American Party

  • Main ideologies: paleoconservatism, nativism
  • Operative years: 1969-2008?

Communist Workers Party

  • Main ideology: Maoism
  • Operative years: 1969 – 1985

People’s Party

  • Main ideology: anti-war
  • Operative years: 1971 – 1976

New Union Party

  • Main ideology: De Leonism
  • Operative years: 1974-2005?

U.S. Labor Party

  • Main ideology: LaRouche thought (Lyndon LaRouche) (too long and unique to explain, but uses both conservative and liberal aspects)
  • Operative years: 1975 – 1979

Citizens Party

  • Main ideologies: liberalism, environmentalism
  • Operative years: 1979 – 1984

New Alliance Party

  • Main ideologies: socialism, feminism
  • Operative years: 1979 – 1992

Populist Party (1984)

  • Main ideology: extreme right (white Christian nationalism)
  • Operative years: 1984 – 1994

New Party

  • Main ideologies: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1992 -1998

Natural Law Party

  • Main ideology: Transcendental meditation politics (natural law, which they believe rules the universe; generally a center-left belief)
  • Operative years: 1992 – 2004

Labor Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1996-2007

Veterans Party

  • Main ideology: veterans rights
  • Operative years: 2003-2008

Boston Tea Party

  • Main ideology: libertarianism
  • Operative years: 2006-2012

Independence Party of America

  • Main idealogy: centrism
  • Operative: 2007-2013

American Populist Party

  • Main ideology: libertarianism
  • Operatve years: 2009-2010?

Major Canadian parties

Bloc Québécois

  • Main ideology: Quebec nationalism, social democracy
  • Founded: 1991
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Conservative Party (Tories)

  • Main ideology: conservatism
  • Founded: 2003
  • Political Cube position: {0, 1, 1}
  • Names of positions: government centrist, fiscal center-right, social center-right

Liberal Party

  • Main ideology: liberalism
  • Founded: 1867
  • Political Cube position: {1, -1, -1}
  • Names of positions: moderate centralist, fiscal center-left, social center-left

New Democratic Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Founded: 1961
  • Political Cube position: {2, -2, -2}
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal left, social left

Major British parties

Labour Party

  • Main ideology: democratic socialism
  • Founded: 1900
  • Political Cube position: {2, -1, -1} (the party has drifted to towards the center more recently, otherwise it would be {2, -2, -2})
  • Names of positions: authoritarian, fiscal center-left, social center-left

Conservative Party

  • Main ideology: conservatism
  • Founded: 1832
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 1, 1}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center-right, social center-right

Liberal Democrats

  • Main ideology: liberalism (they would call it social liberalism), libertarianism (they would call it liberalism)
  • Founded: 1988
  • Political Cube position: {-1, 1, -1}
  • Names of positions: moderate decentralist, fiscal center-right, social center-left

International affiliations

Many political parties belong to an international organization of like-minded parties. These “internationals” play varying roles in the ideology and practiceof their member parties depending on the international in question. Some internationals are loose, some (mostly the Marxist ones; see Marxist Parties and Organizations) demand strict loyalty. In the US, the following parties choose to affiliate with an international organization:

  • Democratic Party – part of the party co-founded the Alliance of Democrats, a collection of center-left and centrist parties, with a few center-right parties.
  • Republican Party – member of the International Democrat Union, which is made up of center-right parties.
  • Green Party – member of the Global Greens, an environmentalist international. Also a member of the Federation of Green Parties of the Americas.
  • Libertarian Party – member of the relatively new Interlibertarians, a libertarian international.
  • Communist Party USA – attends the International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties’, which mostly consists of parties that were controlled by the USSR.
  • Democratic Socialists of America – member of the Socialist International, a grouping of democratic socialist and social democratic parties.
  • National Socialist Movement – member (and possibly leader) of the World Union 0f National Socialists, a neo-Nazi international.
  • Party for Socialism and Liberation – loosely linked with the International Communist Seminar, an annual conference of Leninist, Stalinist, Maoist, and Hoxhaist parties.
  • Pirate Party – observer to Pirate Party International, the worldwide grouping of “Pirate Parties”
  • Socialist Action – sympathetic to the Fourth International, the largest and original grouping of Trotskyists. Can not be an official member for legal reasons.
  • Socialist Alternative – member of the Committee for a Workers’ International, another Trotskyist international.
  • Socialist Equality Party – member of the International Committee of the Fourth International, yet another Trotskyist international.
  • Socialist Workers Party – member and leader of the “Pathfinder tendency”, an unofficial grouping of Trotskyists-gone-Castroists.
  • Workers World Party – sometimes attends the International Communist Seminar (see Party for Socialism and Liberation above)

Home

*the image of the Bulbasaur found in a Google search on 6/6/09, copied from bebo.com – Profile from Takato Matsuki <Taikotomatasuki>

Political Cube poisitions © 2009 Bulbajer’s Encyclopedia. I had some great help from Wikipedia and Politics1. That’s where I got most of my info. The Bulbasaur image is not mine. Pokémon is a registered trademark of Nintendo.

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