Political Parties

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Bulbajer’s Encyclopedia – POLITICAL PARTIES

(For Bulbajer’s personal political party, see Progressive Green Party)

A political party is a group of people that advocate certain causes and run (or help run campaigns) for public offices. There are many different political parties, ranging from those that focus on a specific issue, to those that focus on all the issues of the day, to those that don’t focus on any issues at all. They range in size from hundreds to millions. This page gives a list of current and past political parties in the U.S., as well as the major parties in the U.K. and Canada.

Readers may need to read Political Spectrum and Political Definitions before coming here.

For a full list of Marxist and anarchist organizations, including those that don’t run candidates, see Marxist and Left Anarchist Organizations.

The Two Big U.S. Parties

  • Two-Party System?

The United States has always been dominated by two political parties, though many different parties have occupied those spots. During the composition and ratification of the Constitution, before political parties had formed, two informal camps existed: the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. The former supported a relatively strong central government while the latter opposed it. The Federalists eventually won and a federalist Constitution was ratified. The next two-“party” system was between the “pro-administration party”, who supported Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, and the “anti-administration party”, who opposed him. With a few notable exceptions, the Federalists corresponded with the pro-administration party while the Anti-Federalists corresponded with the anti-administration party. These informal groups soon evolved into the US’ first formal political parties: the Federalist Party and the Democratic-Republican Party, respectively. After the Federalist Party collapsed in 1824, the Democratic-Republican Party split, with the majority becoming the Democratic Party, centered around future president Andrew Jackson, and a minority absorbing the old Federalist Party to form the National Republican Party, centered around president-elect John Quincy Adams. The National Republicans evolved into the Whig Party in 1833. Finally, the Whigs fell apart in 1860 over the issue of slavery; many Northern Whigs helped form the Republican Party. The Democrats and Republicans have dominated ever since.

It is important to remember that today’s American conception of “liberal” and “conservative”, “left” and “right”, only came into existence gradually during the 20th century.

Democratic Party

The Democratic Party is center-left and the oldest party in the United States. For much of their history, the Democrats dominated in the South and among immigrants and followed much different ideologies than today. These ideologies included Jacksonian democracy (strengthening the executive branch at the expense of the legislative, broadening the public’s role in government, elected judges rather than appointed ones, geographical expansion), classical liberalism, bimetallism (where the monetary unit equals a certain amount of gold or silver), and states’ rights. In our modern political situation, the Democratic Party of the 19th century would probably seem socially conservative rather than socially liberal. During the 20th century, however, the liberals gradually migrated from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party and the conservatives from the Democrats to the Republicans. Today, the Democrats are made up of mostly liberals, with also some conservatives, civil libertarians, and centrists; notable social groups include youth, laborers and the working class, women, African Americans and other ethnic minorities, and Jews and other religious minorities. Areas of “Blue States”, or states that are decidedly Democratic, include the northeast, pacific west (except Alaska), and the mid-Atlantic. Democrats hold more urban area-voters.

  • Founded: 1828
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-left
    • Social: center-left
    • Government organization (from -3 to 3, with -3 being least centralized and 3 being most centralized): 1
  • Democratic Presidents: Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson (prior to election), Grover Cleveland, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Barack Obama (current president)
  • Other famous Democrats: William Jennings Bryan, George Wallace, Hillary Clinton, John Edwards, John Kerry, Ted Kennedy, Nancy Pelosi, Harry Reid, Joe Biden (current vice president)

Republican Party

The Republican Party is center-right and the second-oldest party in the US. It was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers. The Republicans soon took the place of the Whigs, electing Abraham Lincoln, a former Whig, in 1860. Like the Democrats, the Republicans had different ideologies from today. Those included: abolitionism, classical liberalism, and progressivism. Indeed, by today’s standards, it was to the left in some ways of the Democratic Party of the time. But after the gradual switch of liberals and conservatives in the 20th century, the Republican Party became the center-right party. The major parts of the “GOP” (“Grand Old Party”) include the business community, voters with higher income, voters with higher education, military personnel, older voters, and evangelical Christian (including Mormon) voters. The GOP also lacks somewhat in comparison to the Democratic Party in numbers of women, racial minorities, “non-traditional” sexual orientation groups, and religious minorities (though their Catholic base has grown to roughly the same size as the Democrats). Areas of “Red States”, or states that are decidedly Republican, include the south and the mid-west. Republicans hold more rural area-voters.

  • Founded: 1854
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-right
    • Social: center-right
    • Government organization: -1
  • Republican Presidents: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, George W. Bush (previous president)
  • Other famous Republicans: Jed Bush, John McCain, Sarah Palin, Dick Cheney (previous vice president), Arnold Schwarzenegger, Mitt Romney, Paul Ryan, Mike Huckabee, Jon Huntsman, John Boehner, Ron Paul (sometimes)

The Big Three Third Parties

Constitution Party

The Constitution Party is paleoconservative. Although the American paleoconservative movement is not exclusively Christian, the Constitution Party’s platform specifically mentions recognizing Jesus as Christ and Son of God. The Party has also been described as “national conservative” (a term more popular outside the US) and Christian nationalist.

  • Founded: 1992 (as U. S. Taxpayers Party)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: right
    • Government organization: -2
  • Famous Constitution Party members: Chuck Baldwin

Green Party of the United States

The Green Party has green politics, the most prominent part of which is environmentalism, at the center of its platform. It also views social democracy positively. This party is not to be confused with Greens/Green Party USA (see below), which is an older but less popular party.

  • Founded: 2001
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: 1
  • Famous Greens: Ralph Nader (in some Presidential elections), Jill Stein

Libertarian Party

The Libertarian Party’s main ideology is, as the name suggests, libertarianism. Not all libertarians are members of this party, however. The other main ideology is non-interventionism. Anarcho-capitalists make up a minority of members. It is the fifth-largest party in the United States.

  • Founded: 1971
  • Political positions:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: -2

Minor Parties

America First Party

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism, non-interventionism
  • Founded: 2002
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: right (note: has occasionally hinted at far-right tendencies)
    • Government organization: -2

American Patriot Party

  • Main ideology: conservative libertarianism
  • Founded: 2003
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: center-right
    • Government organization: -2

American Freedom Party

  • Main ideologies: white nationalism, paleoconservatism
  • Founded: 2010 (as American Third Position Party)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: far right
    • Government organization: -1

America’s Party

  • Main ideology: Christian conservatism
  • Founded: 2008 (as America’s Independent Party)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: right
    • Government organization: -1

Citizens Party of the United States

  • Main ideology: centrism
  • Founded: 2004 (as New American Independent Party)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center-left
    • Government organization: 0

Christian Liberty Party

  • Main ideologies: paleoconservatism, dominionism
  • Founded: 2000 (as American Heritage Party)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: far right
    • Government organization: -2

Communist Party USA

  • Main ideology: Leninism, Eurocommunism (note: historically, Stalinism)
  • Founded: 1919
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Freedom Socialist Party

  • Main ideologies:  radical feminism, Trotskyism
  • Founded: 1966
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Independent American Party

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism
  • Founded: 1998
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: right
    • Government organization: -2

Justice Party USA

  • Main ideology: liberalism, social democracy, environmentalism
  • Founded: 2012
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: center-left
    • Government organization: 1

Modern Whig Party

  • Main ideologies: “Modern Whig Philosophy” (state fiscal responsibility, energy independence, education/scientific advancement, states’ rights, social progression, veteran affairs), centrism
  • Founded: 2007
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: -1

National Socialist Movement

  • Main ideology: neo-Nazism
  • Founded: 1974 (as National Socialist American Workers Freedom Movement)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-left
    • Social: far right
    • Government organization: 3

Objectivist Party

  • Main ideology: objectivism (Ayn Rand’s philosophy)
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: center-left
    • Government organization: -2

Party for Socialism and Liberation

  • Main ideology: Leninism
  • Founded: 2004
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Peace and Freedom Party

  • Main ideologies: democratic socialism, pacifism, environmentalism, feminism
  • Founded: 1967
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: 1

Pirate Party of the United States

  • Main ideologies: civil libertarianism, copyright reform, transparency
  • Founded: 2006
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: -1

Prohibition Party

  • Main ideologies: temperance (anti-alcoholism), conservatism
  • Founded: 1867
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-right
    • Social: right
    • Government organization: -1
  • FUN FACT: 3rd oldest party in America, oldest third party

Reform Party of the United States of America

  • Main ideologies: populism, centrism, protectionism (pro-tariffs for foreign imports)
  • Founded: 1995
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: 0

Socialist Action

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Founded: 1983
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Socialist Alternative

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Founded: 1986 (as Labor Militant)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Socialist Equality Party

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Socialist Party USA

  • Main ideologies: democratic socialism, feminism
  • Founded: 1973
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: 1

Socialist Workers Party

  • Main ideology: Leninism, Castroism (note: historically, Trotskyism)
  • Founded: 1938
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

United States Marijuana Party

  • Main ideology: cannabis legalization
  • Founded: 2002
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: -1

United States Pacifist Party

  • Main ideology: pacifism
  • Founded: 1983
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: -1

Unity Party of America

  • Main ideology: centrism
  • Founded: 2004
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: 0

Veterans Party of America

  • Main ideology: centrism, veterans’ affairs
  • Founded: 2013
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: 0

Workers World Party

  • Main ideology: Leninism
  • Founded: 1959
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: far left
    • Social: far left
    • Government organization: 3

Working Families Party

  • Main ideology: liberalism, progressivism
  • Founded: 1998
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: center-left
    • Social: center-left
    • Government organization: 1

Non-electoral parties

The following organizations do not run candidates for any office but otherwise function similarly to true political parties (see Marxist and Left Anarchist Organizations for leftist parties of this category):

American Conservative Party

  • Main ideologies: libertarianism (with a bit of conservatism)
  • Founded: 2008
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: -2

American Reform Party

  • Main ideologies: populism, libertarianism (note: historically centrist)
  • Founded: 1997
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: center
    • Government organization: -2

Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism

  • Main ideology: democratic socialism
  • Founded: 1991 (as Committees of Correspondence)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: 1

Conservative Party USA

  • main ideology: conservatism
  • Founded: 2009
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: right
    • Social: right
    • Government organization: -1

Democratic Socialists of America

  • Main ideologies: democratic socialism, social democracy
  • Founded: 1982
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: 1

Greens/Green Party USA

  • Main ideologies: environmentalism, democratic socialism
  • Founded: 1991
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: left
    • Government organization: 1

Social Democrats, USA

  • Main ideologies: social democracy, liberalism
  • Founded: 1972 (NOTE: the original SDUSA disbanded in 2005. In 2008, two rival organizations were founded, each claiming to be the successor to the original.)
  • Political position:
    • Fiscal: left
    • Social: center-left
    • Government organization: 1

Historical parties

Federalist Party

  • Main ideologies: federalism (strong national government, loose construction of the Constitution, mercantile economy), nationalism, non-interventionism, industrialism
  • Operative years: c. 1789 – c. 1820
  • Presidents: John Adams
  • Other famous Federalists: Alexander Hamilton

Democratic-Republican Party

  • Main ideologies: classical liberalism, state’s rights, agrarianism, republicanism
  • Operative years: 1792- c. 1824
  • Presidents: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe
  • Other famous National Republicans: Henry Clay (until the National Republican Party was created)

Anti-Masonic Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-masonry, economic nationalism, social conservatism
  • Operative years:1826 – 1838

National Republican Party

  • Main ideologies: modernization, industrialization, economic nationalism
  • Operative years: 1823- 1833
  • Presidents: John Quincy Adams
  • Other famous National Republicans: Henry Clay

Nullifier Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-federalism, states’ rights
  • Operative years: 1830 – 1839

Whig Party

  • Main ideologies: modernization, protectionism, congressional dominance
  • Operative years: 1833 – 1856
  • Presidents: William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
  • Other famous Whigs: Henry Clay

Liberty Party

  • Main ideology: abolitionism
  • Operative years: 1840 – 1848

Free Soil Party

  • Main ideology: anti-slavery expansion
  • Operative years: 1848 – 1855

Anti-Nebraska Party

  • Main ideology: abolitionism
  • Operative years: 1854

American Republican Party

  • Main ideology: nativism
  • Operative years: 1843- 1854

American Party (“Know Nothing”)

  • Main ideologies: nativism (mainly anti-Catholicism), temperance, Protestant republicanism
  • Operative years: c. 1854 – 1858

Opposition Party

  • Main ideologies: (former Whigs compromising between southern Democrats and northern Republicans)
  • Operative years: 1854 – 1858

Constitutional Union Party

  • Main ideologies: nationalism, gag rule for slavery, centrism mixed with conservatism
  • Operative years: 1860
  • FUN FACT: made up of former conservative Whigs and Know-Nothings who wanted to avoid arguing about slavery

National Union Party

  • Main ideologies: nationalism, abolitionism, centrism
  • Operative years: 1864 – 1868
  • Presidents: Abraham Lincoln (second election), Andrew Johnson
  • FUN FACT: alliance of Republicans and northern and anti-Confederate southern Democrats

Readjuster Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1870 – 1885

Liberal Republican Party

  • Main ideologies: egalitarianism (equal rights for all), nationalism, modernization
  • Operative years: 1872
  • FUN FACT: some historians observe that this party marked the start of the emigration of liberals from the Republican Party

Greenback Party

  • Main ideologies: populism, women’s suffrage, labor rights
  • Operative years: 1874 – 1884

Socialist Labor Party of America

  • Main ideology: De Leonism
  • Operative years: 1876-2008
  • FUN FACT: oldest socialist party in America, 2nd oldest in world, although today it’s all but officially disbanded

Anti-Monopoly party

  • Main ideologies: direct election of senators, graduated income tax, labor rights, anti-trust
  • Operative years: 1884

Populist Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1892 – 1908
  • FUN FACT: this party had a significant impact on poor southern farmers. It endorsed Democrat Williams Jennings Bryan for President.

Silver Party

  • Main ideology: free silver
  • Operative years: 1892 – 1902

National Democratic Party

  • Main ideologies: conservatism, anti-free silver (anti-Bryan)
  • Operative years: 1896 -1900

Silver Republican Party

  • Main ideology: free silver
  • Operative years: 1896 – 1900

Social Democratic Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1898 – 1901

Home Rule Party of Hawaii

  • Main ideologies: (created to serve Hawaiian interests in Congress)
  • Operative years: 1900 – 1912

Socialist Party of America

  • Main ideology: democratic socialism
  • Operative years: 1901 – 1973

Independence Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-machine politics, 8-hour work day, creation of Department of Labor, government owning of utilities, central bank
  • Operative years: 1906 – 1914

Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party)

  • Main ideologies: progressivism, new nationalism (Roosevelt’s policy; federalism, child labor laws, minimum wage laws for women)
  • Operative years: 1912 – 1916
  • Famous Progressives: Theodore Roosevelt

National Woman’s Party

  • Main ideology: women’s rights
  • Operative years: 1913 – 1930

Non-Partisan League

  • Main ideologies: state control of agriculture, banks
  • Operative years: 1915 – 1956

Farmer-Labor Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1918 – 1944

Progressive Party (1924)

  • Main ideologies: progressivism
  • Operative years: 1924-1946

Communist League of America

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Operative years: 1928 – 1934

American Workers Party

  • Main ideology: socialism
  • Operative years: 1933- 1944

Workers Party of the United States

  • Main ideology: Trotskyism
  • Operative years: 1934 – 1938

Union Party

  • Main ideology: populism
  • Operative years: 1936

American Labor Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1936 – 1956

America First Party (1944)

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism, isolationism
  • Operative years: 1943 – 1996

States’ Rights Democratic Party (Dixiecrats)

  • Main ideologies: states’ rights, social conservatism, racial segregation
  • Operative years: 1948

Progressive Party (1948)

  • Main ideologies: progressivism, communism (heavy influence from CPUSA)
  • Operative years: 1948 – 1955

Vegetarian Party

  • Main ideologies: vegetarianism, (later) pacifism
  • Operative years: 1948 – 1964

Constitution Party (50s)

  • Main ideology: conservatism
  • Operative years: 1952 – c. 1968

American Nazi Party

  • Main ideologies: neo-Nazism, constitutional allegiance (allegiance to America’s Constitution)
  • Operative years: 1959 – 1967
  • Famous American Nazis: George Lincoln Rockwell

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party

  • Main ideologies: anti-discrimination, black voting rights
  • Operative years: 1964

Black Panther Party

  • Main ideologies: Maoism, black nationalism
  • Operative years: 1966 – c. 1976

American Independent Party

  • Main ideology: paleoconservatism (historically, racial segregation)
  • Operating years: 1967 – 1992

Youth International Party (Yippies)

  • Main ideologies: anarchism, New Age, counter-culture
  • Operative years: 1967 – ? (very tiny revival movements going on currently)
  • FUN FACT: famous for sense of humor

American Party

  • Main ideologies: paleoconservatism, nativism
  • Operative years: 1969-2008?

Communist Workers Party

  • Main ideology: Maoism
  • Operative years: 1969 – 1985
  • FUN FACT: famous for being on the receiving side of the Greensboro massacre in 1979

Raza Unida Party (aka La Raza Unida)

  • Main ideology: Chicano nationalism, Mexican-American interests, democratic socialism
  • Operative years: 1970-2012

People’s Party

  • Main ideology: anti-war
  • Operative years: 1971 – 1976

New Union Party

  • Main ideology: De Leonism
  • Operative years: 1974-2005?

U.S. Labor Party

  • Main ideology: LaRouche thought (Lyndon LaRouche’s philosphy – too long and unique to explain, but uses both right- and left-leaning elements. Conspiracy theories play a large role.)
  • Operative years: 1975 – 1979

Citizens Party

  • Main ideologies: liberalism, environmentalism
  • Operative years: 1979 – 1984

New Alliance Party

  • Main ideologies: socialism, feminism
  • Operative years: 1979 – 1992

Populist Party (1984)

  • Main ideology: extreme right (white Christian nationalism)
  • Operative years: 1984 – 1994

New Party

  • Main ideologies: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1992 -1998

Natural Law Party

  • Main ideology: Transcendental meditation politics (natural law, which they believe rules the universe; generally a center-left belief)
  • Operative years: 1992 – 2004

Labor Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Operative years: 1996-2007

Veterans Party (2000s)

  • Main ideology: veterans rights
  • Operative years: 2003-2008

Boston Tea Party

  • Main ideology: libertarianism
  • Operative years: 2006-2012

Independence Party of America

  • Main ideology: centrism
  • Operative: 2007-2013

American Populist Party

  • Main ideology: libertarianism
  • Operative years: 2009-2010?

Major Canadian parties

Bloc Québécois

  • Main ideology: Quebec nationalism, social democracy
  • Founded: 1991

Conservative Party (Tories)

  • Main ideology: conservatism
  • Founded: 2003

Liberal Party

  • Main ideology: liberalism
  • Founded: 1867

New Democratic Party

  • Main ideology: social democracy
  • Founded: 1961

Major British parties

Labour Party

  • Main ideology: democratic socialism (traditionally), social democracy, centrism
  • Founded: 1900

Conservative Party

  • Main ideology: conservatism
  • Founded: 1832

Liberal Democrats

  • Main ideology: liberalism (they would call it social liberalism), libertarianism (they would call it liberalism)
  • Founded: 1988

International affiliations

Many political parties belong to an international organization of like-minded parties. These “internationals” play varying roles in the ideology and practice of their member parties depending on the international in question. Some internationals are loose, some (mostly the Marxist ones; see Marxist Parties and Organizations) demand strict loyalty. In the US, the following parties choose to affiliate with an international organization:

  • Democratic Party – participant in the Progressive Alliance, a split from the Socialist International (although many members continue to participate in the SI as well). Co-founded the now-defunct Alliance of Democrats, a collection of center-left, centrist parties, center-right parties.
  • Republican Party – member of the International Democrat Union, which is made up of center-right parties.
  • Green Party – member of the Global Greens, an environmentalist international. Also a member of the Federation of Green Parties of the Americas.
  • Libertarian Party – member of the Interlibertarians, a relatively new libertarian international.
  • Communist Party USA – attends the International Meeting of Communist and Workers Parties’, which mostly consists of parties that were controlled by the USSR.
  • Democratic Socialists of America – member of the Socialist International, a grouping of democratic socialist and social democratic parties.
  • National Socialist Movement – member (and possibly leader) of the World Union 0f National Socialists, a neo-Nazi international.
  • Party for Socialism and Liberation – loosely linked with the International Communist Seminar, an annual conference of Leninist, Stalinist, Maoist, and Hoxhaist parties.
  • Pirate Party – observer to Pirate Party International, the worldwide grouping of “Pirate Parties”
  • Socialist Action – sympathetic to the Fourth International, the largest and original grouping of Trotskyists. Can not be an official member for legal reasons.
  • Socialist Alternative – member of the Committee for a Workers’ International, another Trotskyist international.
  • Socialist Equality Party – member of the International Committee of the Fourth International, yet another Trotskyist international.
  • Socialist Workers Party – member and leader of the “Pathfinder tendency”, an unofficial grouping of Trotskyists-gone-Castroists.
  • Workers World Party – sometimes attends the International Communist Seminar (see Party for Socialism and Liberation above)

Home

*the image of the Bulbasaur found in a Google search on 6/6/09, copied from bebo.com – Profile from Takato Matsuki <Taikotomatasuki>

Political Cube poisitions © 2009 Bulbajer’s Encyclopedia. I had some great help from Wikipedia and Politics1. That’s where I got most of my info. The Bulbasaur image is not mine. Pokémon is a registered trademark of Nintendo.

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